200 emergency calls to Police Scotland 'went unheeded’ in the last year – including one from a suicidal caller who was told to hang up. Source: Police Investigations and Review Commissioner. Last year Police Scotland handled 2.6m phone calls. Source: Scottish Government. 190 members of staff in Scottish prisons were assaulted by inmates in 2016-17, compared with 204 the previous year. Source: FOI answer. The number of young adults living with their parents has reached a record high. More than a quarter of 20 to 34 year olds are still living at home. Source: Office for National Statistics. Since the EU referendum, people in England are marginally happier, but people in Scotland and Wales are less happy. The least happy district in the UK is Craven, which covers part of the Yorkshire Dales. Source: Office for National Statistics. 62% of voters agree with the statement that the EU’s aim is to punish Britain for the Brexit vote in order to discourage other member states from leaving. Source: poll by Lord Ashcroft. An index which measures women's wellbeing by assessing such factors as inclusion, justice and personal security places Iceland top of an international league, followed by Norway and Swizerland, with the UK in 12th place. The lowest-placed country is Syria. Source: Women Peace and Security Index. Women are happier being single than men are because being in a relationship is harder work for women. Source: Mintel. People who read books tend to be nicer than those who prefer to watch TV. Readers are thought to behave in a more socially kind and empathetic way. Source: Kingston University, London. Rough sleeping has more than doubled in England since 2010. One out of eight rough sleepers is a woman, whose average life expectancy is 43. Source: Department for Communities and Local Government.
UK growth next year will be 1.3% compared with 2.1% in the eurozone. Source: EU. 28% of board positions in FTSE100 companies are filled by women compared with 11.5% six years ago. Source: Hampton-Alexander Review. A series of natural disasters is starting to push up insurance premiums by as much as 50%. Source: Hiscox. The UK Treasury would make an extra £200m each year if excise duty on spirits was cut by just 3.9%. Source: Scotch Whisky Association. Sainsbury’s have reported a 9% fall in half-year profits up to 23 September 2017. Source: Sainsbury’s. The value of bitcoin has increased from $1,000 at the beginning of the year to $7,250. Source: bitgo.com. Criminals collected £101m from bank transfer scams in the first half of this year. Source: UK Finance. House prices are falling in London, the south-east, East Anglia and north-east England. However, in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and north-west England, prices continue to rise. Source: Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. The number of private rented households in England headed by someone aged 65 or older will increase from 370,000 in 2016 to 995,000 in 2036. Source: Generation Rent.
A compound found in blueberries, red wine and dark chocolate could help rejuvenate cells and lead to therapies which help people age better. Source: University of Exeter. Two-thirds of woolly mammoth remains found to date were male – thought to be because they fell into natural traps including pools, mud flows and thin ice. Females are thought to have been more cautious and sensible. Source: Swedish Museum of Natural History.
Nine out of 10 Scottish care homes are finding it difficult to fill nursing posts, compared with seven out of 10 a year ago. Source: Scottish Care. 2,562 planned operations in Scottish hospitals – 9.2% of the total – were called off in September. Source: NHS Scotland. Wounds suffered during the day heal 60% faster than those incurred during the night. Source: University of Cambridge. Intrauterine devices (contraceptive coils) could cut the risk of cervical cancer by a third. Source: Obstetrics and Gynaecology journal. Breast cancer can resurface after remaining dormant for as long as 15 years following successful treatment. Source: University of Oxford. Eating late at night increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Source: Experimental Physiology journal. Record levels of caesarean sections are being undertaken in the UK – 28% of all births last year – due to soaring numbers of older mothers and obesity levels. Source: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Sex triggered one in 100 fatal heart attacks in men in the US. Source: Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute.
The number of American visitors to Scotland increased by 38% to 700,000 in the 12 months to June this year. The average US visitor spends £1,130 per Scottish trip. Source: VisitScotland. Hong Kong is the city that welcomed most international tourists last year (26.6m), followed by Bangkok (21.2m) and London (19.2m). Source: Euromonitor. Riga is the best value destination for a short pre-Christmas break,
among cities surveyed. Source: Post Office. The most downloaded artist in the UK over the past 10 years is Fleetwood Mac. Source: Amazon Prime UK.
Using food as a reward, sheep can be taught to recognise screenshot images of famous faces – including Barack Obama. Source: Open Science journal. Baboons, who are notorious thieves, employ a sit-and-wait strategy when planning a raid of homes and neighbourhoods. They wait for the most opportune moments and only forage for food 10% of their time. Source: National Geographic.