Reports to Police Scotland of suspected human trafficking increased by 42% last year (213 referrals). The biggest increase – 64% – involved labour exploitation. Source: Scottish Government. 41% of people say they are 'much less likely' to donate to Oxfam as a result of the Haiti scandal. Source: Harris. 67% of Brits think too many people are too easily offended by other people's use of language. Source: YouGov. More than 4,000 prisoners were allowed out on home leave, escorted leave or on compassionate grounds in the year to October 2017. Source: Scottish Prison Service. A third of Brits underestimate the number of calories they consume each day. Data suggests that men eat more than 3,000 calories a day while claiming to eat 2,000. Women think they are consuming 1,500 calories but are actually having 2,500 each day. Source: Office for National Statistics. People living closest to takeaway shops are more than twice as likely to be obese than of normal weight. Source: Cambridge University. The historical events most likely to make the English proud, according to a recent poll, are the creation of the NHS in 1948, Britain standing alone against the Nazis in 1940, the abolition of slavery in 1833, votes for women in 1908, the reign of Queen Elizabeth II (1952 to date), and the legalisation of homosexuality and abortion (1967). Source: YouGov. 62% of Americans think Donald Trump should be doing more to prevent mass shootings. Source: Washington Post. 57 countries in the world retain the death penalty in law, with executions recorded in 23 nations in 2016. 90% of executions carried out in that year took place in Iran, Iraq, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. Numbers for China are unknown and kept a 'state secret.’ Source: Amnesty. One in eight French women have been raped, 43% have been groped, 58% have been subjected to 'disturbing propositions.' Source: Fondation Jean Jaures.
The most dangerous jobs in Britain are farming (193 fatalities recorded since 2010), building construction (125), roofing and scaffolding (76) and lorry driving (45). Source: Health and Safety Executive. Mothers in part-time employment earn around 30% less on average than similarly educated fathers. Source: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Scottish charity workers earn up to 12% less than those in the rest of the UK. Source: Charity Rewards/ Croner.
The number of applications for nursing courses in the next academic year is down 33% – from 43,720 to 29,390. Source: UCAS. Applications for university places from 18-year-olds living in disadvantaged areas in Scotland have decreased this year to 16.7% – the first fall since 2008. Source: UCAS. University vice-chancellors in the UK had an average pay package of £268,000 last year. Source: Times Higher Education.
The average Briton uses more than three times his or her share of the world's resources. Source: Nature Sustainability journal. The total emissions from motor vehicles fell by 12% from 2012 to 2016. Source: Defra. Sea levels are expected to rise twice as much as previously forecast by the end of the century – by some 65m. Source: Colorado University. Red squirrels have surged in number in the north-east of Scotland. Source: Saving Scotland's Red Squirrels Group. Over 100,000 orangutans have been killed in Borneo since 1999. The main cause is deforestation. Source: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Lightning may not strike as often in the future due to the warming of the planet. Source: Nature Climate Change. Mobile phone coverage – where a 4G signal is available from all four main operators – is currently available across only 43% of the UK. Source: Ofcom. Astrophysicists have discovered planets outside our galaxy for the first time. They range from the size of the moon to the size of Jupiter and their galaxy is 3.8 billion light years away from our own. Source: The Astrophysical Journal.
At times of heightened stress, negative thinkers are less likely to get depressed if they sleep less. Source: Journal of Social Psychology. Drinking very hot tea increases the risk of oesophageal cancer fivefold if combined with heavy drinking and smoking. Source: Annals of Internal Medicine. A biological test could identify children with autism. Those with the condition show higher levels of protein damage, particularly in blood plasma. Source: Warwick University. Regular exposure to cleaning products affects lung function, with women more badly affected than men. Source: Bergen University. Deafening noise from aircraft, trains and automobiles could be bad for your heart. Source: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Four million young people could be at risk from the effects of over-amplified music. 53% of people aged 18 to 24 have experienced tinnitus. Source: Action on Hearing Loss. There has been a 44% drop in the number of women having facelifts in the last year. Source: British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons. Drinking fruit teas between meals can make people 11 times more likely to suffer from tooth erosion. Source: British Dental Journal.
The price of hot cross buns could soon go up significantly due to a raisin shortage. It is estimated that 275,000 tonnes of raisins will be produced in California in 2017-18 – a fall of 8% on the previous year and 15% below the five-year average. Wildfires are to blame for the poor yield. Source: Mintec. Beewolves have been living symbiotically with antibiotics for 68m years, using them to avoid dangerous infections. Source: Johannes Gutenberg University/ Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology.