My finding of the week: The gender pay gap is also evident in children’s household chores. Boys receive an average of £6.99 for completing their chores, while girls only receive £4.67. Source: Santander.
The number of missing people cases investigated by Police Scotland has increased by 1,000 in the past year. In 2017-18, they investigated 23,000 cases, relating to 12,500 people. More than 99% of those involved were found alive, 0.4% were found dead, and 0.1% were not found at all. Source: Police Scotland. The number of households in Scotland increased to 2.46 million in 2017. More than 900,000 were single-person households, while 79,200 of the 2.6 million homes were empty. Source: National Records of Scotland. Nearly half of Scottish parents organise a party each year for their child’s birthday, at an average cost of £270. Source: Bank of Scotland. The UK is 'fast becoming the biggest consumer of cocaine in Europe.' Source: UK Government. Damage from potholes costs drivers an average repair bill of £1,000. Source: AA. 81% of over 55-year-olds are reluctant to sign up and open accounts with companies because they are worried about sharing personal information online. Source: Mintel. Across England, 57% of people refer to their evening meal as 'dinner’, while 36% use the term 'tea’. The remaining 7% either use the term 'supper’ or answered 'don’t know.’ 'Dinner’ is most commonly used in the south and 'tea’ in the north, but neither is attached to a particular social class. Source: YouGov. Odessa has the highest level of violent crime of all towns and cities in Texas. There are around 806 incidents per 100,000 inhabitants each year. Source: FBI. Up to 350 million people in China have at least some knowledge of English or are actively learning to speak the language. Source: Cambridge University Press. Although 1.5 billion people around the world speak English, fewer than 400 million have it as their first language. Source: World Economic Forum. 45% of Leave voters believe that the BBC News is anti-Brexit. Source: YouGov.
WH Smith has been rated the worst high street retailer in the UK. The business was criticised for its customer service, value for money, and the standard of its stores. The top-rated retailers were Lush, Savers and Smyths Toys. Source: Which? Last year, 16,119 properties were sold for £1m or more in England and Wales – up 5.4% from 2016. Most were sold in London but sales increased dramatically in the east of England and in university cities such as Cambridge and Bristol. Source: Land Registry. The number of 'crash for cash' cases in the UK has driven the total cost of insurance fraud up to around £90m. Source: Aviva.
Children at secondary schools with a more diverse racial mix are less likely to have negative views of different ethnicities. Source: London School of Economics/Bristol University. London has been ranked as the best city in the world for university students. It did, however, rank poorly in one area – that of affordability. In Scotland, the highest ranked university city is Edinburgh in 16th place. Source: QS higher education group. 39% of EU students have become less interested in studying in the UK because of Brexit. Source: International Student Survey.
20% of the weight of living organisms is carbon. It is the fourth most abundant element in the universe. Source: Chemicool. The periodic table hasn’t changed very much since the 1950s, although four new elements were added in June 2016. No element is represented by the letter 'J’. Source: IUPAC. Scientists in France have attempted to measure the happiness of dolphins kept in captivity in marine parks. It’s the first study to examine captivity from the animals’ perspective. Source: Paris University. Each year, around 60 volcanoes erupt. Since 1500, 280,000 people have been killed by them – over half of that number from just six eruptions. An estimated 2,000 people have been killed by volcanoes since 2000. Source: BBC.
Half of the UK’s population will be clinically obese by 2045, while diabetes levels will rise from 10.2% to 12.6%. Source: University College London. Red squirrels may be responsible for bringing leprosy to Britain over 1,000 years ago. Source: Public Library of Science Pathogens. Social media may be partly responsible for childhood obesity due to some popular vloggers, on sites such as YouTube, eating junk food in their videos. It is believed that children who watch these videos eat 26% more calories than children who don’t. Source: European Congress on Obesity. From 2014-17 there were 25,763 DIY and gardening-related injuries in England. Most involved hand tools or machines, and 90% of those involved were men. Source: Royal College of Surgeons.
70% of parents consult their children before deciding upon a holiday destination. 40% admit that if they don’t do so, it could lead to 'regrets’. Source: Royal Caribbean International. Edinburgh Castle and the Royal Yacht Britannia have been voted the fourth and fifth top visitor attractions in the UK. Source: TripAdvisor. 40% of Brits save around £485 each winter to spend on fun activities in the summer. The biggest summer expense is that of day trips, which cost an average of £131. Source: Casumo.com.
A robotic arm has been designed to pick soft fruit such as strawberries and raspberries. It could soon become competitive with human labour in terms of price and speed. Source: Octinion.