Society The number of people in Scotland issued with community payback orders fell from 19,196 in 2016/17 to 17,834 in 2017/18 – with a successful completion rate of around 70%. Source: Scottish Government.
The number of fatal stabbings in England and Wales last year was the highest since records began in 1946. There were 285 fatalities by a knife or sharp instrument in the year up to March 2018. The age groups most affected were those from 16-24 years old and 25-34 years old – they experienced an increase of 45% and 23% respectively. Source: Office for National Statistics.
24% of pet owners in the UK didn't do any research before taking on their pet. The same percentage of dogs, despite being very sociable animals, are generally left alone at home on weekdays for five hours or more – which is longer than the recommended four-hour maximum advised by animal welfare organisations. Source: PDSA/YouGov.
The average cost of deciding to say yes to a wedding invite is £1,015. Source: Bank of Scotland.
Economy 150 jobs are to be lost at the Babcock shipyard in Rosyth. The company has stated that the roles are no longer needed in fulfilling two aircraft carrier projects. Source: Babcock.
RyanAir made a loss of £19.3m in the last quarter of 2018 – down from a profit of £98.8m the year before. The airline blamed weaker than expected fares, excess winter capacity in Europe and increased costs. Source: RyanAir.
Education Since 2010, students at Edinburgh University have paid £748,018 in library fines – the equivalent of a four-bedroom flat in the city. Source: The Tab.
The proportion of under-16s in England experiencing a mental health disorder has risen from 11.4% in 1999 to 13.6% in 2017. The number of children seeking help for mental health issues over the past two years has doubled. Source: NHS England.
Medicine is believed to be the most ‘inherited’ career, with children of doctors 24 times more likely to go into the same profession as their parents. Children of lawyers are 17 times more likely to go into law. On the other hand, children from working-class backgrounds who go into medicine or law tend to earn £6,400 less each year than their more privileged peers. Source: London School of Economics.
Science Female brains are 3.8 years younger than their age, while male brains are 2.4 years older. This could explain why women ‘don’t experience as much cognitive decline in later years’. Source: Washington University School of Medicine.
Scientists have found 269 genes that are linked to depression. Some sections of DNA are common in both people with depression and those who adopt ‘lifestyle behaviours’ such as smoking. They also found that neuroticism – a tendency to be worried or fearful – could lead people to depression. Source: Edinburgh University.
Climate change has an effect on phytoplankton and will make the oceans appear more blue or green by 2100. Source: Nature Communications.
Health The NHS in Scotland is owed £3.2m by overseas patients who have received treatment. In England, such patients are charged upfront, before receiving treatment. Source: Scottish Government.
The rise in life expectancy in Scotland has come to a halt. Despite having risen since the end of the second world war, the rate has slowed down significantly during the last seven years. Scotland has the worst life expectancy out of all UK countries: for males it's 77 years, and for females it's 81.1 years. Source: National Records for Scotland.
Depersonalisation Disorder (DPD) is an anxiety spectrum disorder which affects around 1.3m people in the UK. It differs from schizophrenia in that sufferers don't experience delusions or hallucinations. Instead, they feel constantly detached from the world around them and are incapable of feeling emotion. Source: BBC.
A study has found that the order in which alcoholic drinks such as beer and wine are consumed has no impact on the severity of hangovers. The best indicators of how mild or severe a hangover will be are how drunk a person feels and whether or not they have vomited. Source: Witten/Herdecke University, Germany.
Some fitness devices which track the number of calories burned while walking and running have been found to give misleading measurements. Several tests were carried out on devices ranging from £20 to £80 in price. Some cheaper devices underestimated the number of calories burned while running by up to 40%, while one of the most expensive brands overestimated calories burned while walking by 50%. Source: Aberystwyth University.
25% of Brits want to cut back on red meat this year. Source: YouGov.
Recreation City of Edinburgh has voted in favour of a ‘tourist tax’. The tax would consist of a £2-per-night charge which would be added to a visitor’s accommodation costs. It will be the first tax of its kind in the UK. Source: BBC.
Dippy the dinosaur is on public display at the Kelvingrove Museum. The replica skeleton is 70 feet long and is made up of 292 bones. Source: BBC.
Following the success of ‘Bohemian Rhapsody’, film fans want other biopics to be made. David Bowie came top of the poll, followed by Bob Marley and Frank Sinatra. Source: comparethemarket.com.
Oddities Hawaii is considering raising the legal smoking age to 100 years old, which would be followed by a total smoking ban on the US island by 2024. Source: Sky News.